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Lake Baikal

Lake Baikal

About Lake Baikal

Lake Baikal or “the Pearl of Siberia” is the world’s oldest and deepest freshwater lake. It is an ancient, massive lake in the mountainous Russian region of Siberia, north of Mongolian border. Baikal area has a long history of human habitation.

The KURYKANS are an early known tribe in the area. Located in the former northern territory of the Xiongnu confederation, Lake Baikal is one site of the Han dynasty pursued and defeated the Xiongnu forces from the second century BC to the first century BC. They were the one to record that the lake was a “huge sea” and designate it the North Sea of the semi mythical four seas. Later on it was called “natural lake” by the Buryats and “rich lake” by the Yakuts.

Several government organizations are carrying out natural research projects on Lake Baikal. The Baikalian Research Centre is an independent research organization carrying out environmental, research and educational projects at Lake Baikal.

It contains 20% of the world’s total unfrozen freshwater reserve. Lake Baikal is known as the ‘ Galapagos of Russia’, which have produced one of the world’s richest and most unusual freshwater faunas, which is of exceptional value to evolutionary science.

Some Interesting Facts About Lake Baikal

  • Baikal is the world’s most ancient freshwater lake and it is said to be originated 20 to 25 million years ago.
  • Lake Baikal is one of the clearest and purest water bodies.
  • There are about 27 islands in Lake Baikal, most of them being uninhabited.
  • The depth of this lake is 1,632 m and it is the deepest lake in the world.
  • This lake is the home to many species of animals and plants including the freshwater seal.
  • Lake Baikal’s coastline measures around 1300 miles.
  • About 1/5th of all the fresh water in the world is located here at Lake Baikal.

The climate of Lake Baikal is unique because the lake’s huge water mass gives it certain features of a seashore climate. The significant are the temperature differences between the Baikal hollow and the surrounding territories of Eastern Siberia. This temperature difference diminishes slightly after the lake freezes, but still remains quite noticeable.

Read Places Of Tourist Interest In Lake Baikal

This area is often called the museum of climates because of the variations that result from differences in distance from the lake, the shape of the coastline, the steepness of slopes and their orientations. On Baikal, there are breezes resulting from pressure differences over the land and the water surface. In autumn and before it freezes up , they are almost steady and blow from the land towards the sea.

Lake Baikal is an area of exceptional beauty. This area is a veritable treasure trove of mineral resources. There are several hot springs near this lake , the water of which is of exceptional quality. Despite its great depth, the lake’s waters are well mixed and well-oxygenated throughout the water column.

Learn how to reach Lake Baikal

Baikal is exceptionally beautiful in winter due to the fact that the ice is very much transparent and diverse. Travellers from all over the world come to watch the Siberian sunset over the world’s largest mirror. This moment is really a treat to our eyes and to our soul.

This remarkable lake is one of the Asia’s holy places. People have prayed to the lake and believed in its power through centuries.

Lake Baikal is also one of the comfortable tourist places in the world. The experiences you will get there will be incomparable to anything else!


Top 7 Tourist Attractions Of Cabo San Lucas, Mexico

Today, we will move from the icy winters of Baikal to the sunny beaches of a tropical paradise called Cabo San Lucas.

In the decade of 1970, celebrities and actors from Hollywood traveled all the way up to to Cabo San Lucas, a Mexican city located on the southernmost tip of Baja California, to take a refreshing break from the world of showbiz. Even today, this city is a thriving vacation destination with hundreds of luxury resorts, sprawling golf courses, glitzy beach clubs & bars, restaurants and entertainment venues.

There’s a whole lot to see in and around Cabo San Lucas, but which of these places are the topmost favorite? It is practically impossible for any two people to agree, but we’ve put together a list of the 7 best tourist attractions that we think every tourist to Cabo San Lucas will enjoy:


‘El Arco’ is a stone arch that denotes the union of the Sea of Cortez and the Pacific Ocean. All the rock structures here were formed by the rough winds and waters of the southern Baja peninsula. The undisputed milepost of Cabo, Land’s End is a wonderful spot for the romantics to see the sunset from. Go diving or take back sweet memories of your encounters with the playful Sea lions. For a thrilling adventure trip, the robust ones can rent in an ocean kayak from central Cabo and sail southwards to reach Land’s End.


If you are on a lookout for a breather from all the glitz, glamour and razzle-dazzle of Cabo, you must visit the neighboring but often overshadowed town of San Jose del Cabo. Not as commercialized as Cabo San Lucas, this town is more easygoing and oozes old-world Mexican appeal. Commonly known as the ‘Old Town’, San jose del Cabo is known for its it’s picturesque central plaza, colonial architecture, golfing and authentic Mexican restaurants.


With an Incredible course and spectacular ocean views, the Ocean Course at Cabo del Sol Club simply should not be missed. Extravagant green fees, yes, but definitely every penny worth it.


Calm and shallow waters make Chileno beach a splendid spot for snorkelers.  Situated approximately 9 miles east of Cabo San Lucas, this beach is free of noisy bars and restaurants that are littered all across the other beaches of Cabo. Come to this impeccable beach with your own snacks and drinks to enjoy a private picnic!


Built in the 1840s, as a refuge for American citizens during the Mexican-American War, Casa de La Cultura (House of Culture) has today been converted into a vivacious showcase of Mexican culture. Catch a local musical concert, a theater performance or click amazing pictures of the city from the ‘lookout point’.

6. IGLESIA DE SAN LUCAS (Church of San Lucas)

Constructed by a Spanish missionary in 1730, Iglesia de San Lucas is a magnificent place to view local architecture and traditions. This church is surrounded by an immaculate plaza that houses several restaurants and small shops.


Located on Calle Guerrero in the heart of Cabo San Lucas, Sammy Hagar’s legendary club and restaurant, Cabo Wabo Cantina, offers a good restaurant, an excellent nightclub and is considered by travelers as one of the best nightlife hotspots in the city. The restaurant offers several unique menu choices apart from the usual Mexican items such as fish tacos, chicken tamales and fajitas. This joint also offers live music on Friday and Saturday nights.

Top Snow Castles In The World

Are you interested in adventure? Want to be in close communion with nature’s exotic beauty? Then you should see the beautiful snow castles at least once in your lifetime. With stunning and mesmerizing scenery and majestic citadels, these snow castles are difficult to be visited in winter. But they all are worthwhile.

  • Neuschwanstein Castle in Bavaria, Germany
Neuschwanstein Castle in Bavaria, Germany
Neuschwanstein Castle in Bavaria, Germany

Initially built at the command of reclusive King Ludwig II as a private retreat, Neuschwanstein today is one of the most popular of palaces and castles in all of Europe. This castle is majestically built with several historical rooms. It is truly a visual treat! It is known as “the castle of the fairy tale king”. The setting of the castle is truly awesome!

However the harsh climatic conditions have a detrimental effect on the limestone facades which needs to be renovated properly over the next few years.

  • Palace of Tzar Alexei Mikhailovich in Kolomenskoye Park, Moscow

    Palace of Tzar Alexei Mikhailovich in Kolomenskoye Park, Moscow
    Palace of Tzar Alexei Mikhailovich in Kolomenskoye Park, Moscow

Originally built in the 1660s as a series of interconnected rooms, corridors, and porches, this wooden palace was later demolished. The whole complex was divided into male and female parts. The male part included ceremonial chambers, of the Tzar and his sons. The female part belonged to the Tzarina nd to the Tzar’s daughters.  After the death of Alexei Mikhailovich, the palace was rebuilt.  In 2010, it was rebuilt by the Russian government a half-mile south of its original location, and today is a popular destination for travellers hoping to learn more about the tzar’s life.

  • Matsumoto Castle in Matsumoto, Japan

    Matsumoto Castle in Matsumoto, Japan
    Matsumoto Castle in Matsumoto, Japan

A “hirajiro,” Matsumoto Castle is one of Japan’s rare castle built on a flat area rather than a mountain or hill. The building is also known as the “Crow Castle” due to its black exterior. It was the seat of Matsumoto domain. It is located in the city of Matsumoto, in Nagano Prefecture. Reaching this place is also very easy by road or rail from Tokyo. It is also listed as the National Treasure of Japan. During  spring, the castle’s blossoming cherry trees surround its moat and make it a popular place.

  • Hohenzollern Castle in Hohenzollern, Germany 

    Hohenzollern Castle in Hohenzollern, Germany
    Hohenzollern Castle in Hohenzollern, Germany

Situated atop a 768-ft. bluff in the foothills of the Swabian Alps, this picturesque castle is a popular tourist destination. This castle is the ancestral seat of the imperial HOUSE OF HOHENZOLLERN. It was completely destroyed in 1423 and a larger and sturdier castle was constructed from 1454 to 1461. Today nly the medieval chapel remains. The final castle was built between 1846 and 1867 as memorial by Hohenzollern scion king Frederick William IV of Prussia.

  • Hradcany Castle in Prague, Czech Republic 

    Hradcany Castle in Prague, Czech Republic
    Hradcany Castle in Prague, Czech Republic

Also known as Prague Castle, this castle complex—one of the largest in the world—dates back to the 9th century and houses lots of precious cargo. Accoding to the Guinness Book of Records, Prague castle is the largest, ancient castle in the world. The castle belonged to the powers of kings of Bohemia, Holy Roman emperors and the presidents of Czechoslovakia. The Bohemian Crown Jewels are hidden in a room inside it.


Top 6 Beach Marathons – #1 Is Not What You Expected

This is a guest post by Thomas Lloyd who is the owner of TOP Mexico Real Estate – A full fledged real estate company in Playa del carmen.

Want to check your fitness level as well as enjoy to the fullest? Then participate in these beach marathons and all your wishes will be fulfilled. It is a perfect course for the beach and sea lovers.

Now, let us look at the list of top beach marathons:



Held in October, the Riviera Maya Half Marathon is an annual event. There are three different distances in this marathon—5 k, 10k and 21k. This Half Marathon starts from the Palacio Municipal on 20th Avenue and 8 Street in the centre of Playa Del Carman. It heads north to Grand Coral development and into the golf course over there and the back down famous 5th Avenue to the Palacio Municipal again.

People of all ages and fitness levels can participate in this race. October is an ideal time to run in Playa Del Carmen because the average temperature is not more than 31 Celsius. Carry a good pair of shoes, sunglasses and a comfortable dress for your maximum comfort during the race.



Bermuda is the ideal winter time destination for the active minded travellers. This race is held on three consecutive days. On Friday there is a night-time one mile run, on Saturday there is a run which covers the distance of 10k and finally on Sunday there is either a half marathon or a full marathon. If you are unable to continue for three long days, take on any one of the courses that tour runners past beautiful blue waters, pastel colonial towns and verdant gardens. You can also see many things other than running like pink sand beaches, collection of shipwrecks and explore the oldest English settlement in the New World.



This race covers many exotic sites and the runners will definitely fascinated by it. The marathon has become popular for its surfboard-shaped medals. It has a flat and fast course along the Pacific Coast Highway and Bolsa Chica Ecological Reserve. The participants pass some of the most beautiful and famous places in California’s SURF CITY including Huntington Beach Pier. A large number of people participate in this race. The number of volunteers and spectators are also no less.



This marathon is open to all because it has a provision for different race distances—45K, 23K, 14K, 6K and 1.5K for the kids. The starting point is just two hours outside Melbourne and the finishing point is Apollo Bay. The Great Ocean Road Marathon includes all the majestic coastal highways the joins some of southern Australia’s most magnificent beaches. The place is truly exotic which will give peace to your eyes and soul.



This race covers a distance of 5K. Held in historic Nassau, Bahamas is the ideal international winter running event. It is only a 30 minute flight from South Florida. All runners get a technical race shirt, runner swag bag, a finisher medal and an access to a fascinating post race beach party where runners get enough yummy food, cold beer and good music to take way the tiredness. Separate awards are given to each participant according to their position in the marathon. The picturesque surrounding is just perfect for the race.



Many people come to this place for its immense beauty. It includes a 42K marathon, 21K semi-marathon and a 5K fun race are there for everyone. Aid stations are there for the convenience of the runners. It provides them with water, juice, tropical fruits and wet sponges. It is a great event and everyone should try this out at least once. The course runs along soft sand beaches and it is truly a dream running vacation. Tahitian dancers and musicians provide entertainment along the course. This place is so nice that your heart won’t permit you to leave easily.

These are the top beach marathons in the world. These marathons generally look after your needs and your health as well. There is a chance to participate in these races with your family since special race distance is provided for the kids as well. There are enough scopes for your proper refreshment both during the race and post-race. When so many benefits are there, why not give it a try once?


Baikal Ice Marathon

Baikal Ice Marathon offers competitors the unique opportunity to race across the frozen waters of the largest, deepest fresh water lake in the world. Every year the beginning of spring in the Irkutsk Region is inaugurated by the BAIKAL ICE MARATHON.

It is Siberia’s largest international sporting event, held 3,518 miles from Moscow. This sports competition is considered one of the most remarkable in the world. This marathon will truly be a tryst with the Nature.

The Marathon is a part of a larger winter games festival, the “Winteriada”, which includes also “Baikal Kamchatka” Ice Fishing and Baikal Ice Golf Tournaments, Ice Skating Races and a few other outdoor adventure events.

The surface of the frozen Lake Baikal is covered in fields of ‘hummocks’, small hills of ice rubble. Beneath the ice surface, geothermic springs and seismic activity cause localized melting that weakens the ice to form holes and cracks. Besides, every winter huge ice pressure ridges appear near the marathon course which is flat, but the surface is hard and uneven. The Baikal Marathon is widely regarded as one of the toughest global running events.

On the Baikal Marathon race day, competitors are ferried by vans from Listvyanka to Tankhoy train station, located on the opposite shore of this lake. Before the beginning of the race , competitors some years are required to partake in precautionary ritual of “ white m sprinkling” in order to pacify the spirits of the Baikal. The way is predominantly flat but the surface is hard at times and uneven.

Although it’s mostly covered in a soft layer of snow, there are areas of highly polished ice that create conditions similar to an ice rink. The weather is extremely cold and winds can add to the already bitingly cold temperature and provide serious resistance to progress across Lake Baikal.

Baikal Ice Marathon is both psychologically and physically demanding. The utterly featureless landscape gives little or no sense of perspective to competitors, offering them nothing to focus on but how far they are from their goal. It is a long, cold, lonely 42.2 km trail across the barren white landscape, where progress is marked only by checkpoints positioned at 5 km interval where you can get hot drinks and food. On the very day an award ceremony and a press conference is held followed by a Baikal Ice Marathon Reception Dinner for the participants. Running and skiing marathons at Baikal has more than twenty year history.

Every year the number of sportsmen are increasing. Representatives from different regions of Russia and from abroad take part in different marathons like International Lake Baikal Ice Marathon.

The Lake Baikal Ice Marathon is aimed at ecologically sustainable development of Lake Baikal area and promotion of responsible tourism and healthy mode of life in this area. Only those people are admitted who are physically fit being above 18 years of age. Winners of the race is awarded with winner cups and medals. Second and third placed winners are awarded with Baikal Ice Prize Cups and medals. Each finisher receives Baikal Ice Marathon medal, t-shirt, and a certificate of this marathon achievement. The official languages of Baikal Ice Marathon are Russian and English languages.

People who love adventure and who are fit enough can definitely take part in this marathon. The competitors will surely fall in love with the extraordinary beauty of nature…an area clad in a blanket of pure white snow.

Image courtesy: https://berestka.wordpress.com/

Travel To Lake Baikal

Baikal is situated around the Trans-Siberian route, therefore this is best route to reach Baikal. There are two main means of transport to Lake Baikal—by plane or by train. If you are travelling from a nearby town, you can also get to Baikal by bus or by car. This place is extraordinarily beautiful! Baikal Mountains surrounding the valley and the lake consists of a few ranges. In the west there are the Zabaikalskie Mountains. The Angara River is the only outflow of Lake Baikal. The ranges, rivers and valleys are tourist attractions of their own.

Travel By Plane

This is the fastest way to reach your destination. There are flights between two major cities such as Moscow, Yekaterinburg, Novosibirsk etc and Irkutsk or Ulan-Ude, which are located within a close reach to Lake Baikal. The trip from Moscow to Irkutsk takes about six hours. Aeroflot Airlines and Sibir Airlines have a few flights every day. Travel by plane is slightly more expensive than train. There is another advantage if you travel by train. The train ride would give you the opportunity to enjoy the landscape, meet different people and get the actual feel of travelling!

Travel By Train

The Trans-Siberian route goes through Irkutsk, Slyudyanka and Ulan-Ude.  Generally, Irkutsk is good for a more civilized exploration (western shore of Baikal), Slyudyanka (southern tip of Baiakl) is good for the exploration of Circum-Baikal railway, while Ulan-Ude (eastern shore of Baikal) is a great place to start camping or stay with locals in villages along the lake.

Travel By Bus Or By Car

The bus or car route is connected either from Irkutsk or Ulan-Ude. These are the only roads to reach Lake Baikal. Riding from Irkutsk lasts about an hour and a half, with several stops along the way and ends in the small town of Listvyanka. The right bank marked by sandy shores of lake Baikal, is more easily accessible from Ulan-Ude. There are enough petrol stations so there won’t be any problem while travelling.

Where to Stay in Baikal

You may stay in Irkutsk or Ulan-Ude, make a day trip to the lake and get back. If you are willing to stay over there for a longer period of time, contact the local tourist agents to look for accommodation in Rest bases. Rest bases of the Baikal are Russian type of countryside wooden houses with facilities offering excursions to the local sights. They often are locate in villages around the lake.

Some of the hotels in and around Baikal are:

  1. Hotel Mayak- From this hotel you can get an excellent view of the lake. The location is also good.
  2. Victoria Hotel- This hotel is small but with excellent location.
  3. Kupechesky Dvor Hotel- This hotel is very cozy and you will definitely enjoy your stay in this hotel.
  4. Baikal Country Hotel- This is a fairly comfortable hotel from where you can get a fantastic view of the lake and the distant mountains.
  5. Gloria Hotel- The rooms in this hotel are very comfortable. You can get good breakfast along with Siberian delicacies.

Lake Baikal is a popular destination among tourists from all over the world. The popularity of Baikal is growing day by day but there are no developed infrastructures in the area. From the quality of service and visitor’s point of view , Baikal has still a long way to go. Still, if you are willing to be in close communion with nature and enjoy its beauty, do visit Lake Baikal.


Places Of Tourist Interest In Lake Baikal

Lake Baikal is big and diverse and a perfect place to spend your holiday if you are a true nature lover. The area surrounding Baikal is unique and many of its plants and animals exist only in his area.

You are sure to become mesmerized and impressed by the grandeur, size and unusual might of this Siberian miracle of nature.

List Of Places Tourists Can Visit

Baikal Limnological museum

Baikal Limnological Museum

The first Baikal Limnological museum was opened in Listvyanka in 1928 and from this base in 1961 the Limnological institute was created. In 1993, the museum acquired its status. About 50,000 visitors come here every year . It is the only place where you can find Baikal’s flora and fauna. The aquariums have a unique system of water supply and water cycle which takes water from a depth of 500 metres. The living conditions are arranged so as to be similar to the natural lake biocoenosis. The flora consists of 284 types of tracheal plants from 212 kinds, which represent 63 families. There are about 259 types of medicinal herbs. This place is a must visit for the tourists.

Olkhon Islands

Olkhon Islands
Olkhon Islands

It is the fourth largest lake bound island in the world. It is by far the largest island in Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia. Much of the land is still covered by forests and the amount of precipitation is extremely low—about 240 mm per year.

Circum Baikal Railway

Circum Baikal Railway
Circum Baikal Railway

A picturesque railway along the Southern Baikal shore, built about a century ago. This area is great for trekking, meeting Russian backpackers, villages along the way and of course you will be mesmerised by the beauty of this place.

Shaman Rock

Shaman Rock
Shaman Rock

It is located to the north of Listvyanka on Olkhon Island. Legend says that a furious Lake Baikal threw this rock at his daughter to prevent her from running off to her beloved Yenisei River. Criminals were brought here to test their fate against the cold nights brought on by the Gods. If they survived, they were granted mercy and set free. Shamans take oaths and pray at 13 poles take oaths and pray at 13 poles erected on top of the hill nearby, believing in its miraculous power.

Hot thermal spring in Khakasy

Another Siberian phenomenon in Lake Baikalis its hot springs. The place is surrounded by beautiful forest full of cedars, therapeutic Khakasy hot springs rarely get crowded, but in order to get into hot water, supplied by an underground source you will experience your own five minutes of freezing hell while getting from locker room to shared bath.

Other Attractions

Sunset on Lake Baikal
Sunset on Lake Baikal

Sunset on Lake Baikal will surely be a visual treat to the eyes. Tourists must watch the sunset at the magnificent port of the Angara River or for the adventurous, scale the 2 km trail up to Cherny cliff for immaculate views out over Lake Baikal from the observation platform.

Baikal in Winter
Baikal in Winter

Winter is probably the best time of the year to go and discover the spirit of Lake Baikal. This is especially true in February and March when the lake surface is frozen solid and the temperatures are below zero degree. At the same time the air is dry and skies are surprisingly sunny.

The ice of Baikal, whose thickness can reach 1.5 metres, does not have a uniformly even surface. It is always extraordinarily pure and transparent.

Baikal in winter is also a wonderful natural ice rink with a slippery and uniform surface . For ice skating and other winter sports, tourists usually  go to Listvyanka where the ice is smoothed over along the shore. Get ready for an absolutely unique Siberian adventure!